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How To Make A Micro Survival Kit For Emergencies
When it comes to survival kits ideally it is best to have as many items as you may need in any given situation at your disposal. However, if you don't have your survival kit with you because it was too bulky to bring along, the whole purpose of having an emergency pack is defeated. Small can be beautiful when it comes to survival kits. As I wrote in my article "How to Make A Spy Keychain" you can include many useful devices in a very small space. Preparedness is not just for Boy and Girl scouts, but for anyone who may be in an emergency situation.
What You Need In A Micro Survival Kit.
There are a number of tiny survival kits on the market, including the popular "Survival Kit In A Sardine Can" but you may want to make your own and include some things that you may need for your personal situation. First you will need a small, waterproof container. You can use an old plastic bottle, such as those that children's bubble soap come in, or a multi vitamin container. Whatever you chose for your container, make sure that it is of a durable material, such as PETE. The definition "micro" is up to you. Generally if you can fit it in a coat pocket, it could be considered a micro survival kit.
Personalize your micro survival kit with things like medication you may need for asthma or allergic reactions. Think of situations that could arise and what items, if lacking, could be necessary for you to survive.
Fire: The most basic needs come first. You may need to build a fire to keep warm. Include waterproof matches or a magnesium fire starter in your kit. You should practice using a magnesium fire starter in a safe place if you have never used one. Starting a fire with a fire starter is an art, so you should be prepared if that is the method you chose.
Navigation: Next you will want a micro compass. A compass needs to be waterproof and well constructed. A compass will work only when far away from metal objects. There are a variety of very small compasses on the market made by makers such as Suunto. A compass is only useful if you know which direction to go. Orient yourself in every situation where you leave the beaten path, so you know the direction to your vehicle or camp. Always have a map of the are you are visiting on your person.
Shelter: This is the biggest challenge for a micro survival kit maker. You may need shelter from the rain, so a plastic garbage bag (leaf size) or a "space blanket" should be included in your micro survival kit.
Food and Water: This is another challenge for a micro survival kit. Energy tablets or runners gel packs can provide a few calories. A small container of salt can help your replenish your electrolytes and season fish that you catch. These you can add to your micro survival kit. Packs of sugar, hard candy, etc can be useful in an emergency. Add a fish hook and at least five feet of line that you can attach to a pole. Focus on catching smaller fish, such as perch, using bugs and bits of food for bait. Smaller fish are often easier to catch and you won't risk breaking your line.
You may not be able to carry enough emergency rations in a micro survival kit and you should keep this in mind when preparing for hiking, etc. Always carry enough water and food. This may mean up to a gallon a day and 3000 calories per person. Consider adding a few water purification tablets to your kit so you can use surface water.
Signaling: You will need some way of signaling for help. Consider adding a loud whistle and some type of mirror or reflective surface that you can use to summon help from afar. Mini CD's make good reflectors.
Tools: Your micro survival kit should include a knife. You may need a knife for any number of reasons, such as preparing fish that you catch. A needle and pair of tweezers can be useful for removing thorns.
Miscellaneous Items: Add a Band Aid, acetaminophen, antihistamine and first aid ointment if you have room. Use your imagination and fill whatever room you have left with useful items.
Check your micro survival kit every few months and replace items such as energy shots and medicine that has expired.
If you don't have time to make your own micro survival kit, the Bear Grills kit is a good choice.